Being prepared saves lives. That dry brush is waiting to burn!
Several times since 1982, wildfires in California have resulted in either gubernatorial proclamations of a state of emergency or presidential declarations of a major disaster.
Among the worst years in State history was 1993. Twenty-one separate fires raged in Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura counties. Between October 26 and November 7, the blazes caused four deaths and 162 injuries, destroyed more than 1,200 structures, and consumed almost 200,000 acres.
To bring the blazes under control and prevent additional losses, more than 15,000 firefighters were deployed in the largest mutual aid call-out in California history.
Wherever you live, work, or play, use this information to help you reduce your risk to wildfires. If you would like a free Emergency Preparedness Guide, please email email@example.com.
Outside Your Home
Inside Your Home
- Clear dry grass, brush and leaves as required by the fire code. Use ice plant and other fire-resistant plants to landscape whenever possible.
- Clear all debris from the roof, gutters, and spouts.
- Remove dead limbs located over roofs and all limbs within 10 feet of chimneys.
- Remove weak, dead, and leaning trees.
- Vary the heights of plants, shrubs, and trees, and provide adequate spacing between them.
- Prune the lower limbs within six feet of the ground on all trees 18 feet high or taller to keep ground fires from spreading to trees.
- Relocate firewood at least 30 feet from all structures and 10 feet from vegetation.
- Keep plants, shrubs, and trees away from power lines.
- Keep gas and propane tanks at least 30 feet from all structures and 10 feet from hazards.
- Replace wood shake and other combustible roofing materials with noncombustible materials.
- Cover chimneys and stovepipes with non-flammable screens with mesh one-half inch or less.
- Box and enclose roof eaves that extend beyond the exterior walls.
- Cover all attic and ridge vents with non-flammable half-inch mesh screens.
- Make sure the number of your house is clearly visible from the street.
- Make sure smoke detectors are made and certified by an approved lab.
- Install smoke detectors on ceilings inside each bedroom and in the hallway on every level.
- Test detectors at least once per month.
- Change batteries every six months.
- Ensure that fire extinguishers are approved by an independent testing lab.
- Place fire extinguishers in easily accessible locations.
- Teach responsible family members where they are located and how to use them.
- Remember the word P-A-S-S:
- Pull the pin.
- Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire.
- Squeeze the trigger.
- Sweep the chemical from side-to-side to extinguish the fire.
Plan for Evacuation
- Develop and practice an evacuation plan for your home. Your plan should include:
- A floor plan with all escape routes.
- Easily accessible exits for young children, seniors, and persons with disabilities (Locate their rooms as close to exits as possible).
- A list of valuables to take in an emergency (Store them together in one location, if possible).
- A place to reunite after evacuation.
- The location of the animal shelter or other sites that house pets.
- Practice drills.
- Work with neighbors to assist:
- People with special needs.
- People who need transportation to other sites.
- Work with local emergency officials to identify:
- Several routes out of your neighborhood.
- Likely evacuation sites.
What to Do When a Fire Occurs
If a fire occurs while you're inside, remember the following:
Call 9-1-1; tell the dispatcher where you are. Feel the top and bottom of the door with the back of your hand before exiting. Cautiously open the door if it's cool. Do not exit if the door is hot. Try your alternate exit instead. Repeat this step at every closed door. Close doors behind you when evacuating to slow down flames, smoke, and heat. Help young children, seniors, and persons with disabilities to evacuate. Close the door and stay in the room if fire, smoke, or heat are blocking both escape routes. Keep smoke and fumes out by stuffing cracks around doors and vents with sheets, blankets, etc. Open a window if no smoke is entering the room; place a sheet or cloth outside to signal for help.